The Southeast Asian region has 283.2 million ha of forests, which cover 33.4% of the region’s total area. The region is diverse in terms of forest area and forest resources management histories, and economic and political conditions. The region contains populations who depend on forest resources and are vulnerable to climate change. They share common cultural values and a rich biodiversity.
Through the work of the ASEAN Regional Knowledge Network on Forests and Climate Change (ARKN-FCC), ASEAN member states have successfully developed a number of common positions on REDD+ in the UNFCCC negotiations, strengthened capacities through training workshops, shared information and experiences, and undertaken joint initiatives on REDD+. ASEAN member states have benefited from their involvement in bilateral and multilateral programs, such as UNREDD (Cambodia, Indonesia and Vietnam), FCPF (Cambodia, Indonesia and Thailand), FIP (Indonesia and Lao People’s Democratic Republic), LEAF-USAID (Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam), as well as bilateral ASEAN with Germany under GAP-CC.
REDD+ is a landscape-based approach, a national-level undertaking that can be implemented at subnational level. The session presented the ASEAN experiences in policy development at the international and regional levels, and the progress on policy and technical developments and implementation at the national and subnational levels, including demonstration activities.
Key questions addressed in the session:
- How do ASEAN member states use regional platforms to strengthen their roles at the international REDD+ negotiations and to support national REDD+ policy development and implementation?
- How do individual ASEAN member states approach REDD+, according to their national circumstances and national development objectives? And how do they progress?
- What lessons could be learned from ASEAN member states in developing REDD+ infrastructure (REL/RL, NFMS and/or MRV, safeguards and SIS, addressing drivers of deforestation and forest degradation)?