Fires in forests and former forestlands occur in Indonesia in the dry season every year – particularly in the provinces of Riau and Jambi on the island of Sumatra, and West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan on the island of Borneo.

However, the haze that spreads to other countries is no longer restricted to drought years, and has become increasingly frequent due to ongoing deforestation of peatlands in Indonesia.

Fires begin and spread for many reasons, so it is misleading to think of “fires” as the problem — or even as a single problem. Complex socioeconomic, ecological and governance factors are involved, meaning that the problem — and the solutions — go beyond who actually lights the match.

Project news

  • Things to Know About the Haze in Southeast Asia

    Haze from forest fires in Indonesia is choking parts of the country as well as neighboring Malaysia and Singapore. It has intensified in recent days, putting air pollution at hazardous

  • On fire and haze, CIFOR’s research gains national media coverage

    As fires in Sumatra and Kalimantan peaked and public attention turned to the worsening haze, CIFOR’s evidence-based perspective has been highly sought after by national media. Over the last few

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