Adaptive Collaborative Management Program (ACM) aims to promote social
learning across stakeholders so that their ability to respond to highly
dynamic situations and complexities improves. We take on dual functions: We
build the capacity of partners to facilitate learning processes and at the
same time observe the process from an ‘outer layer’ (see diagram below).
Users of these tools may take either the researcher’s view (observing the
process) or the user’s view (facilitating the processes themselves).
To facilitate the learning process—for both researchers and
facilitators—ACM team members have developed various tools, listed below.
Evans, K., de Jong, W. Cronkleton, P. Sheil, D. Lynam, T. Kusumanto, T.
and Colfer, C.J.P. 2006 Guide to participatory tools for forest communities.
CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia. 37p.
Mulyana, A., Adnan, H., Indriatmoko, Y., Priyono, A. and Moeliono, M.
2008 Belajar sambil mengajar: menghadapi perubahan sosial untuk pengelolaan
sumberdaya alam. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia. 74p.
Various pebble distribution and other PRA methods
Colfer, C.J.P. et al. 1999 The BAG (basic assessment guide for human
well-being). In: Prabhu, R. (ed.) C&I toolbox, vol. 5. CIFOR, Bogor,
Colfer, C.J.P. et al. 1999 The grab bag: supplementary methods for
assessing human well-being. In: Prabhu, R. (ed.) C&I toolbox, vol. 6. CIFOR,
The who counts matrix
Colfer, C.J.P., with Prabhu, R., Gunter, M., McDougall, C., Miyasaka Porro,
N. and Porro, R. 1999 Who counts most? Assessing human well-being in
sustainable forest management. In: Prabhu, R. (ed.) C&I toolbox, vol. 8.
CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia.
Mendoza, G.A. and Macoun, P. with Prabhu, R., Sukadri, D., Purnomo, H. and
Hartanto, H. 1999 Guidelines for applying multi-criteria analysis to the
assessment of criteria and indicators. In: Prabhu, R. (ed.) C&I toolbox,
vol. 9. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia.
Guidelines for use of C&I
Burford de Oliveira, N., McDougall, C., Ritchie, B., Hartanto, H., Haggith,
M. and Setyawati, T. 2000 Developing criteria and indicators of community
managed forests as assessment and learning tools: objectives, methodologies
and results. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia. 303p.
Tiani, A.M., Nguiébouri, J. and Diaw, C. 2002 Criteria and indicators as
tool for adaptative and collaborative forest management: a guide. CIFOR,
TOOLS TO CATALYSE LEARNING AND COLLECTIVE ACTION
Wollenberg, E., Edmunds, D. and Buck, L. 2000 Anticipating change:
scenarios as a tool for adaptive forest management (a guide). CIFOR, Bogor,
Prabhu, R., Haggith, M., Purnomo, H., Ritchie, B., Rizal, A., Sukadri, D.,
Taylor, J. and Yasmi, Y. 2000 CIMAT (criteria and indicators modification
and adaptation tool) version 2: criteria and indicators for sustainable
forest management. C&I Toolbox Series No. 3. CD-ROM and user manual. CIFOR,
Colfer, C.J.P. 2007 Simple rules for catalyzing collective action in
natural resource management contexts. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia. 12p.
Haggith, M. et al. 2002 CO-VIEW (collaborative vision and exploration
workbench): software and manual. CD-ROM. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia.
Danau Sentarum National Park, the abandoned paradise. 2005 Produced by
CIFOR, Inspirit and Infinity.
Kutai National Park: there is hope. 2009 Produced by CIFOR and Infinity.
The people of Baru Pelepat, learning to change. 2006 Produced by CIFOR,
Inspirit and Infinity.
LESSONS/OBSERVATIONS/ANALYSIS OF USING (VARIOUS) TOOLS
Anau, N., Iwan, R., van Heist, M., Limberg, G., Sudana, M. and Wollenberg,
E. 2004 Negotiating more than boundaries: conflict, power and agreement
building in the demarcation of village borders in Malinau. In: Colfer,
C.J.P. (ed.) The equitable forest: diversity, community and natural
resources. Resources for the Future/CIFOR, Washington, DC.
Purnomo, H., Priyadi, H., Yasmi, Y., Yuliani, L. and Prabhu, R. 2001
Development of multi-stakeholder scenarios of forest management: a
multi-agent system simulation approach. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia.
Purnomo, H., Yasmi, Y., Prabhu, R., Yuliani, L., Priyadi, H. and Vanclay,
J.K. 2003 Multi-agent simulation of alternative scenarios of collaborative
forest management. Small-Scale Forest Economics, Management and Policy
Hartanto, H., Lorenzo, M.C.B., Valmores, C., Arda-Minas, L., Burton, L.
and Prabhu, R. 2003 Learning together: responding to change and complexity
to improve community forests in the Philippines. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia.
Kusumanto, T., Yuliani, L., Macoun, P., Indriatmoko, Y. and Adnan, H. 2005
Learning to adapt: managing forests together in Indonesia. CIFOR, Bogor,
Yuliani, E.L., Adnan, H. and Indriatmoko, Y. 2008 The use of appreciative
inquiry as a tool in enhancing adaptive capacity in natural resources
management. Paper presented at IASC Conference, 14-18 July 2008, Cheltenham,
Pokorny, B., Guilherminas, C. and Nuñes, W. 2001
Participatory analysis of
heterogeneity as a tool to consolidate collaborative initiatives at
community level. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia.
Sithole, B. 2001 Uncovering shrouded identities: institutional
considerations and differentiation in an adaptive co-management project in
Zimbabwe. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia.
There are also various tools developed by others that we found useful to
promote learning and catalyse changes and self-organisation, as well as
improving adaptive capacity and resilience. For example:
Braakman, L. and Edwards, K. 2002
The art of building facilitation
capacities: a training manual. RECOFTC, Bangkok, Thailand. 269p.
Cooperrider, D.L., Whitney, D. and Stavros, J.M. 2008
handbook: for leaders of change. Berrett-Koehler.
Hall, J. and dan Hammond, S.A.
What is appreciative inquiry.
Meier, D. 2000 The accelerated learning handbook: a creative guide to
designing and delivering faster, more effective training programs.
McGraw-Hill, New York.