Although ACM’s emphasis involved working with communities, there was an express concern with both the people and the environment. Many of the activities undertaken by communities were designed to manage their resources more effectively and benignly.
In 2007, CIFOR began working with the World Agroforestry Centre on a
project called ‘Integrating livelihoods and multiple biodiversity values in
landscape mosaics’. The project involved participatory action research as
well as more conventional, empirical research in five sites around the
world: Cameroon, Indonesia, Laos, Madagascar, and Tanzania. This work builds
on ACM in its focus on people in their environment; and it builds on CAPRI
in its dual use of participatory action research at the village and district